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Pomeranian



Breeding and showing Pomeranians of different color than orange?

A Little Spitz-Pom and Color History

(Where Pomeranian Dogs were Different Color)




White Pomeranian "Dochlaggie White Flash"


The earliest written document about importing a pair of 'Pomeranian dogs' to England is dated from 1767. Pomeranian dogs were little Spitz dogs, that were commonly seen in the region of Pomerania (Pommern), that's why they used to be called "Pommern-Spitz" in German, - and Pomeranian in English. Older people still remember the little white Spitz dogs of Pomerania, - yes, white! The English breeders kept on decreasing the size of the Pomeranian dogs (a height limit of 28 cm had been determined at that time), and over the following decades the size and look of the little Pomeranian Spitz dogs changed to what is known as the Pomeranian today.

Like Pomerania was known for its little white Spitz dogs, the Mannheim area was known for its little black Spitz dogs! In a book published in 1904 these little Spitzes were described as 'lovely toy breed', very hard to breed, weight not over 8 pounds and height not over 26 cm. Colors: black, rusty-brown and silver-gray without markings.

Around 1900 there had been breeders of 'Toy Spitzes' in Germany, but they belonged to the Toy Dog Club, not to the Spitz Club. There had been about 100 Toy Spitzes registered in the stud book, mostly of white and black color as well as some brown specimens.
About 20 years later all Spitz dogs belonged to the Spitz Club, the 'Toy Spitz' was renamed 'Kleinspitz' (Small Spitz) and the height limit was determined 28 cm.
These are the numbers and colors from the 1950 stud book:
555 litters: 624 black - 407 white - 285 brown - 27 orange puppies

The little Spitz dogs were not a fashion breed and dog breeders were more interested in exotic breeds, so the numbers of litters and puppies decreased drastically over the following decades.
Numbers and colors from the 1990 stud book (West Germany):
53 litters: 55 black - 22 white - 18 brown - 27 orange puppies
Numbers and colors from the 1995 stud book (reunited Germany):
83 litters: 100 black - 40 white - 21 brown - 40 orange - 13 wolf sable - 16 other colors

Now we have to distinguish between the Kleinspitz and the Pomeranian. While the Kleinspitz had kept its original look in Germany, - the Pomeranian dog was (re-)introduced to Germany around 1970, after its "metamorphosis" to the "Pomeranian" of small size and different look in England and USA, as it is known today.

In 1974 the Pomeranian was recognized as 'Toy Spitz' (height standard 18-22 cm) by the German Spitz Club. - From 1976 to 1985 over 30 Pomeranians were imported to Germany.
Some numbers and colors from the stud books (Pomeranian):
1976: 32 specimens, 3 of them other colors
1987: 51 specimens, 3 of them other colors
1989: 53 specimens, 15 of them other colors
1992: 100 specimens, 49 of them other colors

Since 1988 the percentage of orange Pomeranians decreased, while the percentage of other colored Pomeranians steadily increased. - So according to the breed club, the orange Pomeranian was endangered in our country, hence a campaign to prefer and support the breeding of orange Pomeranians, that had not been practised before.
Numbers and colors from the stud books:
1996: 123 puppies: 85 other colors - 38 orange
1997: 170 puppies: 124 other colors - 46 orange

2000: 174 puppies: 132 other colors - 42 orange
2004: 195 puppies: 143 other colors - 52 orange

Where Pomeranians are - still - different color!



References:
Breed Club Magazines and Stud books "Verein für Deutsche Spitze e.V."
Deutscher Kleinspitz Extra 1999; Zwergspitz/Pomeranian Extra 2003;




© Brigitte Sovonja, 2005




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